Scientists are in the process of testing many different supplements to determine if these products can help lower blood sugar or not. Such supplements may benefit people with diabetes or type 2 diabetes. These supplements allow the patient to reduce the amount of medication needed (Refer to article Non-Pharmaceutical Intervention Options For Type 2 Diabetes)
Cinnamon has the same effect as insulin and increases insulin sensitivity. In people with diabetes, the pancreas can not produce enough insulin or cells do not respond to insulin, leading to high blood sugar. Cinnamon can help lower blood sugar and fight diabetes by mimicking the effects of insulin and increasing glucose which transport into cells. It can also help lower blood sugar by increasing insulin sensitivity, making it more effective in moving glucose into cells.
One study found that consuming 500 mg of cinnamon extract daily for 12 weeks reduced 14% of oxidative stress in adults with prediabetes. This is significant, because oxidative stress is associated with the development of nearly every chronic disease, including type 2 diabetes.
A review of 543 people with type 2 diabetes found that cinnamon consumption was associated with an average reduction in blood sugar of more than 24 mg / dL (1.33 mmol / L).
Researchs shows that the addition of cinnamon helps lower blood sugar and control diabetes. People with type 2 diabetes who consumed 120 or 360 mg of cinnamon extract before breakfast had an 11% or 14% reduction in fasting blood sugar levels, compared to those who didn’t use.
In addition, hemoglobin A1C of three-month average blood sugar – decreased from 0.67% to 0.92%. All participants took the same type of diabetes medication throughout the study.
– How it works: Cinnamon can help cells in the body respond better to insulin. This allows sugar to absorb into the cells, helping lower blood sugar. Cinnamon can help keep blood sugar levels from spiking after a meal. Which can reduce the risk of common diabetes complications. Not only does cinnamon reduce fasting blood sugar and lower blood sugar after meals, cinnamon can also reduce the risk of common diabetes complications.
– How to use: The recommended dose of cinnamon extract is 250 mg twice a day before meals. Cinnamon Powder: You use a spoon of 3.25 grams of cinnamon powder per day, continuously for 5 days, discontinue the next 2 days. This is the easiest way to use it;
Cinnamon stick: You should drink a glass of cinnamon tea every day and stop drinking on the weekends will bring unexpected effects;
– Note: Cassia’s popular cinnamon varieties are high in coumarin, a compound that can be harmful to the liver when used in large amounts. On the other hand, Ceylon cinnamon has low coumarin content.
Probiotic supplements, which contain lots of good bacteria, offer many health benefits and can improve the handling of carbohydrates in the body. Probiotics are living microorganisms, often found in products such as yogurt, rice wine, pickles … good for the digestive system.
In a recent study, researchers at Sri Adichunchanagiri University of Pharmacy (India) found that taking probiotics helps improve blood sugar indicators in diabetics, according to Natural News. This is a great help for disease control and improving their quality of life
When considering seven studies in people with type 2 diabetes, those who took probiotics for at least two months, They reduce 16 mg / dl in fasting blood sugar and a 0.53% decrease in A1C indicator compared to people did not use. In the study, the authors recruited and divided 80 diabetic patients into two groups: one group took a probiotic supplement and the other took a placebo. The study lasted for 3 months and the result evaluation was conducted before starting the experiment in the 6th and 12th weeks of the trial.
Results showed that probiotics supplementation had a positive effect on participants’ glycemic indexes, including fasting blood glucose, postprandial blood glucose, insulin resistance levels and serum insulin levels, according to Natural News. Probiotics also reduce the risk of depression and anxiety due to lifestyle changes and the fear of complications of diabetes.
– How it works: Animal studies show that probiotics can lower blood sugar levels by reducing inflammation and preventing the destruction of pancreatic cells that produce insulin.
– How to use: Users should use probiotics with a combination of many probiotics, such as a combination of L. acidophilus, B. bifidum and L. rhamnosus.
– Note: Probiotics are unlikely to cause harm, but in rare cases, they can lead to serious infections in people with weakened immune system.
Berberine is not an herb, but a bitter compound taken from the roots and stems of several plants, including goldenseal and phellodendron. Many studies show that Berberin can significantly reduce blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes. In fact, its effectiveness is comparable to the common drug in diabetes – Metformin (Glucophage).
Magnesium reduces insulin resistance, lower blood sugar, insulin hormone more effectively.
A review of 27 studies in people with type 2 diabetes Who are observed that taking berberine in combination with a healthy diet and lifestyle reduced fasting blood sugar by 15.5 mg / dl. and A1C 0.71%. In a study of 116 diabetics, 1 gram of Berberin daily reduced 20% of blood sugar, from 7.0 to 5.6 mmol / L (126 to 101 mg / dL), or from diabetes. to normal levels.
It also lowers hemoglobin A1c to 12% (an indication of long-term blood sugar monitoring), and improves blood lipids such as cholesterol and triglycerides
– How it works: Berberin can improve insulin sensitivity and enhance the absorption of blood sugar into the muscles, thereby helping to lower blood sugar.
Dosage: A usual dose of 300 to 500 mg, using orally 2 to 3 times daily with meals.
– Note: Berberin can cause digestive disorders, such as constipation, diarrhea or farting, which can be improved with doses lower than 300mg.
4. Vitamin D
Vitamin D is thought to help improve the body’s sensitivity to insulin – the hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar and thus reducing the risk of insulin resistance. This vitamin can help regulate insulin production in the pancreas.
Many other studies show that vitamin D deficiency is also associated with hyperglycemia, insulin resistance and hypertension. The daily supplement of Vitamin D helps to improve the function of cells β secreting Insulin, helping to reduce blood Glucose levels, so it has the effect of limiting the development of diabetes type 2.
In one study, 72% of participants with type 2 diabetes were deficient in vitamin D. After two months of taking 4,500 IU of vitamin D supplement daily, both fasting blood sugar and A1C improved.
Normal vitamin D levels should be in the range of 20-56 ng / ml (50-140nmol / l) *, with anything below 20 ng / ml considered deficient. However, it is now known that increasing the amount of vitamin D in the body to about 60-80 ng / ml can help control blood sugar, which is very important for people with diabetes.
5. Aloe Vera
Aloe vera contains at least 75 active compounds, notably among which are vitamins, enzymes, anthraquynones, minerals, lignin, saponins, salicylic acid, amino acids, phytossterol, etc. It is extremely important in improving the blood sugar level of diabetics. In addition, trace elements in aloe vera such as magnesium, manganese, chromium, zinc, … also play an important positive role for glucose metabolism by improving insulin efficiency.
Aloe Vera helps regulate the blood sugar levels of the patient in the most natural way without the need for medical or chemical intervention. If used appropriately, aloe vera can significantly lower blood glucose levels.
Supplements or juice made from the leaves of this cactus-like plant could help lower fasting blood sugar and A1C in people with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes. Aloe vera is rich in glucomannan, it is a fiber (polysachharide) easily soluble in water. In short term, this substance acts as a drug that lowers blood sugar.
Within 1 month of use, the patient’s blood sugar will be reduced by 50%, not only that, it is very good in detoxifying, removing excess glucose in the blood. When looking at the results of nine studies in people with type 2 diabetes, supplementing with aloe vera for 4 to 14 weeks reduced fasting blood sugar to 46.6 mg / dl and A1C to 1.05% . People with fasting blood sugar above 200 mg / dl after taking aloe vera also show even stronger benefits
– How to use: Take 200g of Aloe vera leaf to leave the green skin intact, just peel off the thorns on either side of the leaves, chop and cook water to cool. Next, put Aloe vera in the blender and drink the water 3 times a day. Drink before meals 15 minutes, each time using a tablespoon.
– Some notes for diabetics if you have kidney disease, you should be careful because using a lot of compounds in plants can cause kidney failure. For elderly people with welding disorders should not use aloe vera.
Recent studies have mentioned a mineral called magnesium (Mg). Just getting enough Mg each day can reduce the risk of diabetes by 10% -30%. A survey of 39,000 women found that those on the Mg-rich diet had a 11% lower risk of developing diabetes six years later.
Particularly for overweight women, the effect of Mg is even greater with the risk of developing diabetes reduced by over 20%. In two other studies involving 85,000 women and 42,000 men over a 12-18 year period, the group that consumed the most Mg had a 30% lower risk of developing diabetes than those who ate less.
Further laboratory studies suggest that magnesium affects the effects of insulin in the body. In the absence of magnesium, insulin resistance worsens, leading to diabetes. In order to achieve the above effect, the daily intake of magnesium should ensure 320 mg of magnesium for adult women and 420 mg of magnesium for adult men.
Grains, beans, dark green leafy vegetables contain lots of magnesium. 100 g of the following items contain over 100 mg of Mg: almond (600 mg), brown rice (110 mg), soy (279 mg), green peas (200 mg), white sesame (220 mg), black sesame (347 mg), amaranth (106 mg), laksa leaves (138 mg), shrimps (129 mg), fungal mushrooms (211 mg), peanuts (306 mg), white beans (145 mg), perilla (123 mg) ), melon seeds (112 mg).
How it works: Magnesium is involved in normal insulin secretion and insulin action in your body’s tissues (29Trusted Source)
– Taking it: Doses provided to people with diabetes are typically 250–350 mg daily. Be sure to take magnesium with a meal to improve absorption. Mg is found in leafy green vegetables, legumes, whole grains…
– Note: Magnesium supplementation may increase the risk of diarrhea. Magnesium may also interact with certain medications, such as some diuretics and antibiotics.