Diabetes with high blood pressure, although the two diseases have similarities in the cause of the disease, so controlling both will have the same. Although they are two dangerous diseases, if you strictly follow the instructions of your doctor, you can improve your health. Hypertension likes diabetes, is thought to be a “lifestyle disease”, so improving your daily lifestyle is important for treatment.
The combination of type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure is particularly dangerous and can significantly increase the risk of a heart attack or stroke. Numerous studies in the past decade have found that lowering blood pressure in type 2 diabetic patients significantly reduces mortality. Many experts believe that lowering blood pressure may be the most important which step people with diabetes need to take, more importantly, lowering blood sugar ”.
According to experts, to control diabetes and blood pressure, it is necessary to apply from diet, exercise, taking medicine and using safe herbal products.
1. How to lower blood pressure (hypertension treatment)?
1.1. How low should blood pressure be?
Patients are usually diagnosed with high blood pressure when the systolic and diastolic blood pressure are 140/90 mmHg or higher, respectively. For people with diabetes, blood pressure in the upper limit of normal is also subject to treatment to prevent complications and should be controlled according to the blood pressure when measured in the clinic is below 130 / 80 mmHg.
Blood pressure control standard (unit: mmHg):
|People||Blood pressure measured at the clinic||Blood pressure measured at home|
|Diabetics||< 130/80||< 125/75|
|Young, middle-aged, early seniors (between ≥ 65 years and <75 years)||< 140/90||< 135/85|
|Oldest old aged period (≥ 75 years)||< 150/90||< 145/85|
1.2. Treatments for hypertension associated with diabetes. How to effectively lower blood pressure?
Hypertension, like diabetes, is thought to be a “lifestyle disease”, so improving your daily lifestyle is important for treatment.
The diet: Patients need to maintain a healthy diet that includes foods that are low in fat, low in calories, supplemented with green vegetables, fruits, and lean white meat, especially need to reduce salt less than 5 grams a day in patients who have not hypertension.
Nutrition is always a deciding factor in all treatment courses. To prevent bad progression of the disease you need to pay attention to the following: Use foods that are low in fat, low in calories, and include green vegetables, fruits, and lean white meats. Split meals, do not eat too much nor be hungry.
Reduce salt: If too much salt is absorbed, the blood circulation will increase. In addition, the ability to react with substances that constrict blood vessels (such as angiotensin II) increases and blood pressure is also increased. Some simple ways to reduce salt such as seasoning less salt-rich spices such as fish sauce, soy sauce, chili sauce, sauces, fish sauce … while cooking. Limit the use of processed foods such as sausages, ham, bacon, pork rolls, bread, cakes … Use other spices such as curry, onion, garlic, ginger, galangal, coriander, five taste.
The Japanese average intake of salt is about 11g per day and it is clear that this figure shows that the Japanese tend to absorb too much salt compared to the average of about 6g for the US. For example, there is about 5g salt in soup with ramen, about 1.8g salt in miso soup and 2g in a salted apricot,…
Salt should be limited to less than 10g / day, preferably less than 6g / day by choosing appropriate foods and cooking methods, creating a habit of eating dishes with light flavors.
Weight loss: Obesity is one of the main causes of hypertension. If the obese person attempts to lose weight at the right level, blood pressure can drop to normal levels. By the standards, it is possible to expect a hypotensive effect of about 1 mmHg when losing 1 kg of body weight.
Quit smoking: Smoking will have a negative effect on narrowing of blood vessels and increasing blood pressure. Smoking only one cigarette will increase blood pressure by about 10mmHg (depending on who can increase from 20 ~ 30 mmHg), and this high blood pressure will continue 30 minutes after smoking. Smoking will also speed up the progression of atherosclerosis. Smokers should start smoking right away.
Exercise: If you maintain moderate movements, it will effectively help relax blood vessels, improve insulin resistance and lower blood pressure. If the patient maintains a therapeutic exercise regimen three times a week, each time for 60 minutes, the blood pressure will drop by an average of 10 mmHg. However, depending on the type of activity there is also a risk that blood pressure will rise too high during exercise. Follow a therapeutic exercise regimen as directed by your doctor.
Using Medication: Depending on your medical condition, your doctor will prescribe one or more medications to reduce the risk factors. Medicines for high blood pressure come in five different categories: ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers and diuretics. Some medicines have side effects, therefore monitoring for unusual symptoms while using them and ask your doctor if you take some other medicine.
Other: The stress that people feel in everyday life is also a factor in high blood pressure, find ways to eliminate stress in life.
2. Some fruits and vegetables help prevent and treat diabetes with hypertension
Green vegetables are indispensable food sources in family meals, especially for people with diabetes and high blood pressure. Green vegetables are nutritious and very healthy, green vegetables contain no calories but are rich in fiber. Eating more vegetables than other foods means reducing saturated fat (the culprit of insulin resistance). Vegetables and fruits are a good source of vitamins and fiber.
People with diabetes also have hypertension who feel tired and uncomfortable, the following vegetables will be the secret to help people prevent and support effective treatment of these two diseases the best.
Green bitter melon contains a lot of crude fiber, calcium, phosphor, iron, vitamins B1, B2, PP, C … which have the effect of lowering blood sugar, retarding retinal diseases and cataract and increase the glucose tolerance of the patient. Bitter melon also has antioxidant effects, removing free radicals – one of the causes of diabetes.
When it comes to eating vegetables to lower blood pressure, it is impossible not to mention amaranth. In particular, the shrimp soup that is considered an effective remedy for high blood pressure is very delicious and nutritious. With 500mg of potassium per 100g of vegetables, they play a positive role in blood pressure regulation. In addition, this food also has a very good diuretic effect, when reducing blood volume, blood pressure will drop quickly.
Regularly eating or drinking celery juice is a cure for high blood pressure with vegetables that many people successfully apply. Thanks to the high content of vitamin P, when eating this vegetable, the blood fat and the pressure of the vessel wall are significantly reduced. Moreover, the rich vitamins and minerals present in celery help balance blood sugar, dilate the walls of blood vessels, very good for people with high blood pressure.
Cucumbers as you know are grown in many parts of the world, because they can be used for many different purposes. Cucumbers contain plenty of water, fiber, vitamins and many other health benefits. In addition, cucumber also contains calcium, phosphorus, iron, potassium salts, along with vitamins A, B2, PP and C. Cucumber has an antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, detoxifying, skin beauty, and diuretic effect. Scientific research shows that cucumber juice contains essential hormones that are good for the insulin production of the pancreas, which is beneficial for diabetics.
While foods seem to contain foods that turn into blood sugar quickly, the sugar in carrots is metabolized at a slow rate. Carrots are said to be great for diabetics. They provide beta-carotene, which reduces the risk of diabetes and controls blood sugar.
The above vegetables and fruits can all help prevent hypertension and diabetes. However, it should be used once time every 3 days, because most fruits are cool. Using too much will cause a cool- heat imbalance in the body. Should use the peel of the above fruits to keep the full range of active ingredients.
Those are useful information for diabetics and high blood pressure patients to know how to choose the right vegetables to avoid hyperglycemia and high blood pressure when using.