Now a day, Diabetes is a serious disease and is increasing very fast in the world, special type 2 Diabetes. It is caused by high blood sugar in your body and affect not well for patient’s health. Which is the 7th leading cause of death in the United States (and may be underreported).
It was estimated that in 2017 there are 451 million (age 18-99 years) people with diabetes worldwide. These figures were expected to increase to 693 million) by 2045. It was estimated that almost half of all people (49.7%) living with diabetes are undiagnosed. In 2017, approximately 5 million deaths worldwide were attributable to diabetes in the 20-99 years age range. The global healthcare expenditure on people with diabetes was estimated to be USD 850 billion in 2017.
Type 2 Diabetes accounts about 90% to 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes; type 1 diabetes accounts for approximately 5-10%. However, Diabetes doesn’t get the attention as cancer or scary viruses. One reason might be because type 2 diabetes is so incredibly common, about 20% of people over age 60 get it. Diabetes is also on the rise because our modern lifestyle, lots of food and little exercise, speeds up the process.
Therefore, when is diagnosed type 2 Diabetes, you want to know that what is going on in your body?. Then, you need to make a detail plan for diabetes treatment.
1. Cause of type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes develops when the body becomes resistant to insulin or when the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin.
Your pancreas makes a hormone called insulin. It helps your cells turn glucose, a type of sugar, from the food you eat into energy. People with type 2 diabetes make insulin, but their cells don’t use it to get glucose into your cells. It leads to excess glucose in the blood.
Exactly why this happens is unknown, although genetics and environmental factors, such as being overweight and inactive, seem to be contributing factors.
2. What happens in your body when has high blood sugar level?
Having too much sugar in the blood for long time which can cause serious health problems if it’s not treated. Hyperglycemia disordered many other metabolic processes of the body such as: dyslipidemia, atherosclerosis…It can damage the vessels that supply blood to vital organs, which can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke, kidney disease, vision problems, and nerve problems.
Basically, high blood sugar damage to lager blood vessels and small blood vessels.
– Damage to lager blood vessels: it increases the risk of bleeding or cerebral infarction, causes myocardial ischemia, myocardial infarction; leading heart disease, stroke, poor blood circulation. According to statistics, the most cause of deaths of diabetic patients are damage large blood vessels, special heart attach and stroke.
– Damage to small blood vessels: Long-term hyperglycemia increases the risk of diabetic retinopathy (hemorrhage, retinal secretion), cataract; Chronic kidney disease and peripheral neuropathy. It rarely causes immediately death, but can cause people to become disabled, reduce the quality of life. Currently, type 2 diabetes is the leading cause of blindness, kidney failure requires hemodialysis and amputation due to infection, foot necrosis.
High blood sugar, along with insulin resistance, can cause many disorders of the body’s metabolism such as: dyslipidemia, increased free radical stress, chemicals that mediate the chronic inflammatory process. These processes affect the blood vessels, endothelial lining, dysfunction, imbalance of vasoconstriction process, causing atherosclerosis and vascular wall thickness. The end result is a loss of function in the large blood vessels, atherosclerosis, narrowing, loss of elasticity and decreased perfusion of body tissues.
The most common cause is blocked blood vessels that can no longer supply oxygen and nutrients to the heart and brain.Smooth muscle cells in the artery regulate blood flow by constricting and relaxing. However, when chronic inflammation occurs in a blood vessel, typically in response to diabetes, high cholesterol and cigarette smoking, the smooth muscle cells in the walls of arteries change their behavior. They gradually accumulate inside the artery and narrow the blood vessel. In the case of coronary arteries, which supply blood to heart muscle cells, this process produces blockages that can lead to a heart attack.
– Diabetes accompanied by hypertension, lipid metabolism disorders: High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a condition that’s seen in people with type 2 diabetes. It’s unknown why there’s such a significant relationship between the two diseases. It’s believed that the following contribute to both conditions: obesity, diet high in fat and sodium, inactivity…
According to the ADA, the combination of high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes is particularly lethal and can significantly raise your risk of having a heart attack or stroke. People have type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure also to increase your chances of developing other diabetes-related diseases, such as kidney disease and retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy may cause blindness.
3. Symtoms of type 2 Diabetes
When you have type 2 Diabetes, your body has high blood sugar, kidneys try to remove the excess sugar by filtering it out of the blood. This causes the body to make more urine and to lose water.
This can lead to a person needing to urinate more frequently, particularly at night. When you drink more, you will also urinate more.
You will feel tired because the cells can not exchange glucose to energy. An excess of sugar in the blood can damage the tiny blood vessels in the eyes, which can cause blurry vision. This blurry vision can occur in one or both of the eyes and may come and go.
Losing weight even though your appetite has stayed the same: If there isn’t enough insulin to help the body use glucose, the body breaks down muscle and stored fat instead in an attempt to provide fuel to hungry cells. At the same time you will feel dry mouth and itchy skin due to loss water.
Therefore, increasing of blood sugar affects negative to your body and health, even leading the death.
Blood glucose control is part of a mandatory treatment regimen. At the same time, to achieve the best results, patients must actively control their weight, blood pressure and blood lipids. Specially, making plan for Diabetes diet is necessary to prevent it’s complications.