High blood pressure is a common disease today. Hypertension can be the cause of dangerous complications such as cerebrovascular accident, myocardial infarction, kidney failure, loss of vision…., even leading to death. Nutrition for people with high blood pressure is also a top concern today. So what should people with hypertension not eat?.
1. Do not Eat Foods with High Salt Content
People with high blood pressure should not eat salty foods. According to the recommendations of doctors, a person should only eat less than 5g of salt / day. The sodium present in table salt causes the secretion of more cell fluid, causing the heart to beat faster and increase blood pressure.
In addition, people with hypertension should not eat pickled dishes such as kimchi, pickled Brussels sprouts, Dill Pickles… These are also not good foods for people with hypertension because pickled dishes contain high sodium content.
2. Don’t Eat Canned Foods
According to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA): up to 75% of salt absorbed into the body comes from canned foods.
Processed meats such as ham, bacon, sausages, etc. are foods that contain a lot of saturated fat, trans fat, chemical preservatives and high salt content. This is also a food group that causes high blood pressure and obesity.
Therefore, people with hypertension should limit the use of pickled dishes and canned foods such as hot dogs, frozen pizza, ketchup,….
Cold cuts: Cold cuts are a high-sodium food because they are seasoned and preserved with a lot of salt. According to the analysis of the nutritional composition of this meat, scientists discovered: just 60 grams of cold meat can contain more than 500mg of salt. So, what should high blood pressure patients avoid?. You should limit the consumption of cold meats and cold cuts as much as possible.
Pizza: If you are suffering from hypertension, the consumption of pizza is something doctors recommend to limit. Pizza contains a lot of salt from salted meat, tomato sauce containing salt, and cheese. Just one medium-sized piece of cheese and meat pizza can contain up to 700mg of salt. This number is even larger when the cake is covered with a thicker cheese layer or is large in size.
3. Foods High in Sugar
High blood pressure do not eat? Another spice you should avoid is sugar. Consuming a lot of sugar in foods is one of the main causes of obesity, diabetes, hyperuricemia, hyperlipidemia and other diseases. These diseases often cause or worsen hypertension, as well as the occurrence and development of other cardiovascular diseases.
American Heart Association recommends that women limit their added sugars to six teaspoons (24g) per day. For men, nine teaspoons (36g) is enough for a day.
Patients should cook their own food at home to ensure no added sugar is eaten. If you choose to buy ready-to-eat foods at the store, patients with high blood pressure should check the nutritional composition of the food before eating. This way, you can understand the total amount of sugar you eat. Sugar intake needs to be cut to less than 10% of total energy intake per day for people with hypertension.
4. nstant Noodles
This is a favorite dish of many people, especially those who live alone. Instant noodles have a delicious taste, quick and convenient processing. However, this is one of the foods that contribute to high blood pressure because instant noodles contain a lot of sodium. People with high blood pressure should not eat a lot of instant noodles.
5. Animal fat
Although animal fat is essential for the development of the body, eating too much animal fat will cause health problems, especially high blood pressure.
Animal fats and other fatty foods contain a lot of cholesterol, which increases the risk of high blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases.
6. Foods High in Oil and Fat
Fried foods with fat or fatty meats can increase the risk of fatty blood, leading to hardening of the arteries. This is one of the causes of high blood pressure. Therefore, people with high blood pressure should abstain from fried and greasy foods.
In addition, foods that are high in fat are always high in calories. For example, french fries, hamburgers, fried sausages, braised meat, etc., if eaten in large quantities, can cause obesity. Obese people have higher rates of hypertension than people of normal weight. Most hypertensive patients are overweight or obese. Therefore, patients with this disease should limit high-calorie foods in their diet.
7. Animal Organs
Animal organs contain much higher levels of saturated fat and cholesterol than meat. When eaten, it will be consumed a lot, increasing blood fat, harmful to the heart, increasing blood pressure. In 100 grams of pork liver, it contains about 368 mg of cholesterol. Therefore, eating a lot of pig liver or other organs will not be good for people with high blood pressure and high blood fat.
In addition, animal organs of unknown origin also have potential risks of causing cancer, brain, helminths, myocarditis, pneumonia, etc.
8. Drinks Containing a lot of Alcohol
Alcohol can make the heart beat faster, blood vessels constrict, and blood pressure rise.
On the other hand, alcohol also limits the effectiveness of antihypertensive drugs. In addition, high-calorie alcohol must be metabolized by the liver and also leads to weight gain.
9. Spicy Foods
Spicy foods can make stools dry and difficult to pass, which can easily lead to constipation. When patients defecated will increase abdominal pressure, hypertension. Even eating a lot can cause brain hemorrhage. Therefore, patients with high blood pressure should not use spicy food.
Like it or not, chili, ginger, and pepper should not be added to food when processing.
10. High Blood Pressure Should not Eat Red Meat
Hypertension should not eat red meat such as pork, beef, lamb. They are also foods high in saturated fat. More saturated fat in the body leads to increased low-density lipoprotein levels. Making high blood pressure worse, even leading to coronary heart disease.
The article has helped you answer the question “What should not eat with high blood pressure?”. Hypertension seriously affects daily life and is more dangerous than life-threatening, so it is necessary to have a healthy and scientific lifestyle, exercise daily. You only need to spend 30 minutes to exercise at home with jogging exercises to improve and reduce the risk of hypertension.
Hypertension patients should eat more foods rich in potassium and calcium but low in sodium, such as potatoes, tomatoes, beets and spinach, vegetables…. They contain low calories, help you to feel full for a long time, limited Eating more calorie-rich foods can lead to weight gain.
In some cases, dehydration can cause high blood pressure. When you are dehydrated, the volume of blood in the body is greatly reduced, but conversely, the peripheral resistance increases. To avoid this situation, when you start to feel the symptoms of high blood pressure, try to drink 1 or 2 glasses of water, which will help you restore blood volume in the body and lower blood pressure.
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